Ceramic processors. Ceramic processing process

Reducing energy consumption. Electricity accounts for up to 30% of the cost of manufacturing ceramics, and changes in energy costs have a direct impact on profits. The introduction of a climate change levy has already increased the electricity consumption of ceramic processors and is unlikely to be the last increase in energy prices. There has […] More

2021-01-15 11:06:23

Catalyst converter number: 5027916/44103245516

Catalysts, number 5027916/44103245516, are used in the production of Skoda brand automotive catalysts. This model is about 44 cm long and weighs 0.985 kg. They are characterized by a symmetrical structure, smoothed edges, transverse strips at the site of the inserted insert, and bilateral narrowing at the outlets. They are often corroded, but the code […] More

2021-01-08 11:06:54

Types of electronic boards

There are three types of electronic boards: printed circuit boards (PCBs), breadboards and striped electronic boards. Anyway, what is it? Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are used to mechanically support and electrically connect electronic components using conductive tracks or signal tracks engraved from copper sheets laminated on an impermeable substrate, commonly used in the manufacture of […] More

2020-12-31 11:43:03

Catalyst Converter number 46473014/46524758. Fiat Brava

Catalyst converter number 46473014/46524758, was manufactured by the Italian car group for FIAT and LANCIA vehicles. The ceramic catalyst converter, which is about 48 cm long, stands out with a trapezoidal lid. The construction of the outlets differs from the others, but they retain an overall rounded shape. Catalyst converter with specified home options can […] More

2020-12-23 12:45:34

Printed electronic boards (PCB). How much does it cost to make them?

Both engineers and technicians often consider the cost of assembling printed circuit boards (PCB) or how they can reduce the cost of existing assembly operations. Next, we will answer the question “how much does it cost to assemble printed circuit boards (PCB)” and make suggestions on how to save on the costs of assembling printed […] More

2020-12-18 10:34:25

Catalyst Converter with code: 30865248. Volvo S40

Volvo brand catalytic converters with code 30865248 have an asymmetrical rectangular shape. The catalyst has cylindrical outlets on both sides. Its length is about 60 cm, and this catalyst is usually found in Mitsubishi and Volvo models. The Volvo S40 was first introduced in 1995. Due to the body version, two vehicle names can be […] More

2020-12-11 11:55:13

Is there a STANDARD printed circuit board? How it is looks like?

There is no standard printed circuit board. Each printed circuit board has a unique function for a particular product and must be designed to perform that function in a dedicated location. PCB designers use computer-aided design systems with special software to lay out the required circuit. The gaps between electrically conductive media are often 0.04 […] More

2020-12-04 11:34:21

Catalyst converter RX8. Mazda.

Mazda cars in this RX8 catalytic converter have an elongated, asymmetrical shape. They are integrated in a silver plate with many indentations. The catalysts are less than 70 cm long and weigh about 1.5 kg. The Mazda RX8 is a car known to anyone with a deeper interest in the car. The developers called the […] More

2020-11-27 11:14:41

Printed circuit boards. A little history

Printed circuit boards originated from electrical connection systems developed in the 1850s. Metal strips or rods were originally used to connect large electrical components mounted on wooden bases. Over time, the metal strips were replaced with wires connected to the screw terminals, and the wooden bases with metal ones. However, over time, smaller and more […] More

2020-11-17 16:13:37

Catalyst converter1J0178EBCL from Volkswagen

Catalyst Converter 1J0178EBCL is a catalytic converter fitted to the Volkswagen Golf IV (1J1). Its weight is 1.27 kg. The length is 45 cm. It is characterized by a dark brown color and an elongated shape. The catalyst has an asymmetrical housing. On one side is a cover attached with several holes. The Volkswagen Golf […] More

2020-11-13 08:32:14

Ceramic processors

The AMD K6 processor with aluminum cap is the most common among the ceramic processor class, although there are other ceramic processors with aluminum caps. There are also processors with copper caps, including solar ultraviolet processors. How to distinguish them? While the AMD K6 is the most common aluminum cap processor, few other processors are […] More

2020-11-12 15:16:59

How is the vehicle's fuel exhaust system designed?

The fuel exhaust system is a key element of every vehicle, without which the car cannot function fully without its proper functioning. What are the exact elements in a fuel exhaust system? The exhaust system consists of an exhaust manifold, a silencer and an exhaust pipe. In addition, the system includes a catalytic converter with […] More

2020-11-11 11:23:13

What amounts of precious metals are found in electronic devices?

When the term “golden paradise” is used, it is difficult to imagine images of old computers, used cell phones, and broken keyboards. But old appliances contain a surprising amount of useful and valuable metals that should not be thrown away. So what kind of metals lie in that outdated computer or old cell phone? Last […] More

2020-11-10 11:00:56

DPF, otherwise known as a particulate filter

DPF, in other words, particulate filter is always the right phrase not only when visiting a foreman, but also when buying a used car. What is it really and does it need to be strengthened with that solution? Particulate filter – DPF filter is part of the exhaust system, more precisely, the filter responsible for […] More

2020-11-09 10:30:04

Where in the car is the catalytic converter found?

As you know, the catalyst is one part of the exhaust system. It can be mounted inside the exhaust manifold or directly under the car, depending on the age and model of the car. The catalytic converter is currently available on both petrol and compression ignition (diesel) engines. Although of a different type, they play […] More

2020-11-06 12:44:12

The most important types of printed circuit boards

Rigid Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs): Rigid printed circuit boards (PCBs) are named because they are made of rigid, strong substrate materials. Fiberglass is the most commonly used material. Once a rigid printed circuit board has been manufactured, it may not be modified or replaced during the life of the device. The panels help to improve […] More

2020-11-05 13:09:33

What does the price of the catalyst converter depend on? How it is determined? Why do u need to choose us?

The catalytic converter is a key element of any car’s exhaust system. An inconspicuous-looking tin tank hides valuable precious metals such as platinum, rhodium or palladium inside. It is their amount in the catalyst that determines the price of the catalyst. Depending on the amount of individual precious metals, the price may be higher or […] More

2020-11-04 14:05:29

Printed circuit board (PCB) materials

Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are usually a flat laminated composite made from non-conductive substrate materials with layers of copper circuitry buried internally or on the external surfaces. They can be as simple as one or two layers of copper, or in high density applications they can have fifty layers or more. The flat composite surface […] More

2020-11-03 10:06:29


The obligation to install catalytic converters in new cars has been in force for several tens of years now. So what about the cars which were produced before that date? Will they be MOTed without a cat? What about the popular Diesel cars? What exhaust emission standards does a car have to meet to be […] More

2020-10-30 09:05:37

Is there a golden waste in our computers?

Probably many of you have heard of precious metal scrap. As you know, these are not only damaged or unusable jewelry, but also other wastes containing precious metals, such as electronics or car parts. Precious metals are commonly found in computers and electronics, such as control boards, circuit boards, or chips. They contain gold and […] More

2020-10-29 14:39:01

When is the best time to sell your catalyst?

We are frequently asked the following question: Which of the two solutions is more profitable? To sell the catalyst as quickly as possible after it is removed, or wait for the prices of the noble metals (platinum, palladium, rhodium) to rise and only then take your catalyst to the collection point and turn them into […] More

2020-10-28 15:55:59

Dangers of electronic boards

The generation and management of electronic waste is one of the most important environmental issues of particular importance in recent decades. Electronic waste is generated at the very beginning of the production of each product with unprocessed raw materials and is subsequently generated at each stage of this process until the unprocessed raw material becomes […] More

2020-10-27 12:27:18

CATALYST 9146663/2236958001 FROM VOLVO

Catalysts 9146663/2236958001 are used by the Swedish brand Volvo. What characterizes them most is a wide, flat cover, the edges of which are additionally flattened. In the cover you will find several transversely arranged recesses. The entire catalyst is topped off by asymmetrical outlets, totaling up to three, including one double. Numbers are easy to […] More

2020-10-26 13:59:05

How to works catalysts purchasing industry ?

Used catalysts can not be thrown into the trash under any circumstances. We should return the spent catalyst to the point of purchase of catalysts. Unfortunately, there are still few points, and the quality of customer service leaves much to be desired. Is it worth opening the catalyst purchase? Do many people want to sell […] More

2020-10-23 16:01:11

Different types of printed circuit boards

Over the years, printed circuit boards (PCBs) have revolutionized the electronics industry. The impact created by these components is so large that it is difficult to imagine an electronic device without them. With all advanced technologies insight, the PCB industry is growing faster than ever before. Owing to their distinct beneficial features, they find their […] More

2020-10-22 16:30:57

SSD vs. HDD: What's the Difference?

Solid State Disk is the equivalent of the abbreviation for SSD, meaning hard disk. An SSD is a disk that stores information on multiple connected memory cards, but not on a magnetic disk. The first SSD was tested on a Sharp PC-5000 in 1983. The memory of this computer at that time was 128 KB. […] More

2020-10-21 11:52:27

Catalyst 1S71-5E211-EG/1258206 from FORD

Catalytic converter number 1S71-5E211-EG/1258206 appears in passenger Ford cars. It is 35 cm long and its weight is almost 1.3 kg. It is characterized by a round shape and lack of symmetry – on one side it is ended with a flat enlargement with screws located at the side outlet. This catalytic converter is mounted […] More

2020-10-19 11:57:18

Catalyst 8D0131701AS / 8D0178C WITH AUDI S4

Catalysts with the number 8D0131701AS/8D0178C are used by the Audi brand. They are characterized by a flat shape, protuberances on the cover and outlets arranged diagonally. The weight of their contribution is less than 1 kilogram, and the length is less than 40 cm. Audi S4 is a car model, the production of which began in […] More

2020-10-16 12:46:16


Catalysts B34C are used in MAZDA cars. They are 35 cm long, and their weight is about 0.6 kg. They are symmetrical in shape. What is most characteristic about them is the perforated cover, which can be schematically divided into three parts. The edges on both sides are flattened. B34C catalysts were installed in ,,MAZDA” […] More

2020-10-15 12:01:34

Printed circuit boards for laptops

A printed motherboard is a key part in both desktops and laptops that connects all the other parts into a single whole. The processor, hard drives, RAM, video cards, sound cards, optical drives, and other components are connected to the motherboard directly or by cables. Motherboard printed circuit boards, power supplies come in several different […] More

2020-10-14 13:41:49

CATALYST 780823501/7808246/7803730 FROM BMW

From catalysts with the number 780823501 / 7808246 / 7803730, is used by the BMW group. These are small size catalysts that are less than 40 cm long and slightly more than 20 cm wide, but have a high weight of 5.3 kg. Manufactured by Eberspacher and installed in cars such as: BMW E90, E91, […] More

2020-10-13 11:29:41

Let’s meet with printed circuit board ... What is it?

A printed circuit board, also known as an insulating plate, is a plate on the surface of which there are electrically permeable tracks – printed wires consisting of a part of a metallized layer in the insulating part of the printed circuit board and contact areas for fixing electrical elements. Also metallized and non-metallized openings. […] More

2020-10-12 13:54:05


Catalyst number K 135 was used in Peugeot cars, mainly in the model 106 in the petrol version 1.1. The use of this catalyst had its time in 1998. The second model in which he used the promotional catalyst model was the model 206 2.0 HDI diesel version in the years of production from 1999-2016. […] More

2020-10-09 06:30:45


Catalyst number T11 most often found in Toyota Yaris with 1.0 petrol engine, which has been produced since 1999. Its elongated form has approx. 52 cm. A special feature of this catalyst is one of the outlets, which shape resembles a shorter and smaller version of the tube. In today of this catalyst we can […] More

2020-10-08 11:15:12


With catalysts GM23, Opel used the Opel Corsa B and Opel Tigra models with 1.4 and 1.6 gasoline engines from 1995. The length of the cover is 33 cm and the width is 12 cm, which makes the shape rectangular and longitudinal. The edges with a tendency to corrosion are flattened, and in the middle […] More

2020-10-07 12:03:23


Catalyst number 1X43-5E212-AK it is characterised by the unusual shape of a rounded trapezoid, with a low insert weight of 0.89 kg, as well as about 30 cm long and about 20 cm wide. Today we can pay 305 euros for this catalyst. Jaguar X Type 3.0 is a vehicle that was produced by the […] More

2020-10-06 13:29:02

The catalyst is - ...?

As early as 1975 in the United States of America and little bit later in Europe began to take care of the use of catalysts and catalysts benefits. These days in many parts of the world, catalyst must have all cars in the markets. This is happened because cars incineration cases significant damage to the […] More

2020-10-06 12:53:18